date palm pest

By | December 30, 2020

[29], An article on Date palm tree cultivation is brought down in Ibn al-'Awwam's 12th-century agricultural work, Book on Agriculture.[30]. [citation needed]. Date Garden" in Indio, California. Date palm bunches and fruits surfaces are cover by dusts when the spider mite outbreaks. [48], Stripped fruit clusters are used as brooms. They are believed to have originated around what is now Iraq. (1985) stated that D. brevipes is a major pest on the roots of date palm offshoots in Palestine. [39][40] Recent innovations include chocolate-covered dates and products such as sparkling date juice, used in some Islamic countries as a non-alcoholic version of champagne, for special occasions and religious times such as Ramadan. The bug, which is also a pest in coconut and oil palm plantations, began infesting date palms in the Middle East two decades ago, before creeping across Africa and Europe. [20] The upper survival time limit of properly stored seeds remains unknown. From the statuesque Washingtonia palm tree to the elegant Canary Island Date, over 200 species of palm trees can thrive in the sunny climate we’re accustomed to in Florida. Date Palma Dubai - Trusted date palm supplier. Damage is done by larvae that makes web around fruits. The date palm is dioecious, having separate male and female plants. The finely ground seeds are mixed with flour to make bread in times of scarcity. In North Africa, they are commonly used for making huts. The species name dactylifera "date-bearing" comes from the Greek words daktylos (δάκτυλος), which means "date" (also "finger"),[10] and fero (φέρω), which means "I bear". Vinegar made from dates was a traditional product of the Middle East. Three main cultivar groups of date exist: soft (e.g. Leaf sheaths are prized for their scent, and fibre from them is also used for rope, coarse cloth, and large hats. Palm branches occurred as iconography in sculpture ornamenting the Second Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, on Jewish coins, and in the sculpture of synagogues. [13], Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. 'Thoory'). Dates are an important traditional crop in Iraq, Iran, Arabia, and north Africa west to Morocco. Dates provide a wide range of essential nutrients, and are a very good source of dietary potassium. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a major fruit crop in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). They are to be considered, more or less, as representative for the whole region, because of the similarity of the terrain, similarity of growing conditions and the passage of planting material throughout the years. Date fruits are oval-cylindrical, 3–7 cm (1.2–2.8 in) long, and 2–3 cm (0.79–1.18 in) diameter, and when ripe, range from bright red to bright yellow in colour, depending on variety. The world production of dates has increased from 1.8 million tons in 1962 to over 8.0 million tons at present. The major pests include the red palm weevil, (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus), old world date mite (Oligonychus afrasiaticus), lesser date moth (Batrachedra amydraula), Dubas date bug (Ommatissus lybicus), green pit scale (Palmaspis phoenicis), carob moth (Ectomyelois ceratoniae), date palm longhorn beetle (Jebusaea hammerschmidti), and almond moth (Cadra cautella). This guide also addresses important topics of date palm IPM programs, including the concept of threshold-based pest management. In the Bible palm trees are referenced as symbols of prosperity and triumph. Male date palms are often used in landscaping because once mature they do not yield the annual crop of dates which can sometimes attract pests. The total annual world production of dates amounts to 8.5 million metric tons, countries of the Middle East and North Africa being the largest producers.[9]. It has made the invasive species list in some parts of the United States, Canada and Australia[36][37][38] but these references are to the related but inedible Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis). in Mesopotamia (Nixon, 1959), and may even have been cultivated as early as 5000 B.C. In the Quran, Allah instructs Maryām (the Virgin Mary) to eat dates when she gives birth to Isa (Jesus);[51] and, similarly, they are recommended to pregnant women.[52]. Date Palm Pests and Diseases: Integrated Management Guide. It is estimated that over 50% of the date palm plantations are young, below the age of 20 years offering an ideal situation for pests like red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier to establish and proliferate. [11] The fruit is known as a date. With the release of this improved genome assembly, the UAE researchers were able to map genes for fruit color and sugar content. Recently the floral stalks have been found to be of ornamental value in households.[49]. Pitted dates are also referred to as stoned dates. However, with assistance, one male can pollinate up to 100 females. The oil contains lauric acid (36%) and oleic acid (41%). The leaves are also used as a lulav in the Jewish holiday of Sukkot. When Muslims break fast in the evening meal of Ramadan, it is traditional to eat a date first. [54] In Psalm 92:12 "The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree". "Date Palm". There are over 100 million date palms worldwide of which, 60% are in the Arab world. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest cultivated plants (Lee, 1963, Riad, 2006). Stored dates can also be effected. The leaves are 4–6 metres (13–20 ft) long, with spines on the petiole, and pinnate, with about 150 leaflets. The red palm weevil – a killer insect that infects a tree and kills it from within – spread from Asia in the 1980s and presents a major threat to the region’s vital date groves. In Southeast Spain (where a large date plantation exists including UNESCO-protected Palmeral of Elche) dates (usually pitted with fried almond) are served wrapped in bacon and shallow fried, served with ranch dressing. The publication of this guide is a result of the fruitful collaboration on date palm production system for the last decade between the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority (ADFCA) and the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). Marketing, pest control are entirely pollinated manually oleic acid ( 41 % ) of red weevil... Particularly available to eat a date aside from these two critters, the UAE were... Have shown that feeding mice with the release of this improved genome assembly, the red palm Rhynchophorus... But in both traditional oasis horticulture and in Egypt in 1992 ( Figure 124 ) at harvest oxalic acid of!, Arabia, and North Africa, and in Egypt in 1992 ( Figure ). 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