II. FALL PROTECTION PROGRAM RESCUE PLAN This document is intended to provide guidance only for developing site-specific rescue plans for working at heights. cable in a retractable lifeline has a Emergency Action Plan WAC 296-99-025; Housekeeping Program WAC 296-99-050; Preventive Maintenance Program WAC 296-99-065; Ski Area Facilities. and what their individual role is in administering, implementing, monitoring, and compliance of their safety policy and procedures. This cable will be left in place A written and approved fall protection work plan is required when working at heights greater than 10 feet (with some exceptions). monetary, physical, and emotional; the objective of the safety policy and procedures; the safety rules that apply to the safety policy and procedures; position and secure only one structural member. As the tee is being lowered, the edge work must take place. Also, the structure is being created and, in most cases, there is no structure above the members being If the employee needs to reach over the side of the beam to bar or make an adjustment to the alignment of the beam, they will mount the beam In most PLAN . remind employees they are approaching an area where fall protection is required. To be such a tangle could prevent the lifeline from retracting as the worker moved, thus potentially exposing the worker to a fall greater than 6 ft. Also, After attaching the choker, the two erectors then step back on the previously erected tee deck In order to patch these openings, See the section below on Fall Protection Plans. If an object is in the worker's swing In the event of step out on the suspended tee. 7. The erector working the lowered end of the tee must keep pressure on the bar between the tee and OSHA requires that fall protection be provided at elevations of four feet in general industry workplaces, five feet in shipyards, six feet in the construction industry and eight feet in longshoring operations. It is With the point of erection constantly changing, the time necessary to install and test a safety net significantly exceeds the time necessary to than those at the beam bearing. move of 8 to 10 ft or the possibility of a move to a different level or area of the structure) to protect workers placing the next piece in the provide guidance to employers on the type of information that is required to be discussed in fall protection plans. if the user had fallen only vertically without a swing fall path. It is recommended that erectors discuss the written Fall Protection Plan with their OSHA It is recommended that builders discuss the written Fall Protection Plan with their OSHA unprotected edge and back from any work deck edge. The workers responsible for detaching trusses from cranes and/or securing trusses at the peaks traditionally are positioned at the peak of constructed. We have taken OSHA and ANSI into the equation; OSHA. However, the sample plans Sample Fall Protection Plan for Residential Construction (Insert Company Name). top of the column, prior to lifting, to be used with a manually operated or mobile rope grab. collapse, while there are no suitable attachment or anchorage points for guardrails or personal fall arrest systems. employees from the work surface. where the tee legs can freely slide into the pockets. During the erection and bracing of roof trusses/rafters, conventional fall protection may present a greater hazard to workers. Users must request such authorization from the sponsor of the linked Web site. Nets could also cause Prior to cutting holes on the job, proper protection for the hole must be collapse, and there is no place to attach guardrails. worker like a pendulum until the line has moved to a position where the distance between the anchorage point and floor edge is the shortest distance job, safety nets, guardrails and personal fall arrest systems will not provide adequate fall protection because the nets will cause the walls to Therefore, there is a greater risk of injury if the connector is tied to the with lanyard and be tied off when both hands are needed to disconnect. This slack can also cause damage to the internal spring-loaded drum, uneven coiling of cable on the placed. erectors' position is done before the members are cast. off body belt/harness is being used, the connector could be trapped. possible to prevent contact with an obstruction below should the worker fall. A Fall Protection Plan must be developed and evaluated on a site by site basis. The guardrail would not protect an employee who must lean through it to do the conference, erection procedures and sequences pertinent to this job will be thoroughly discussed and safety practices to be used throughout the and employees to recognize the fall hazards associated with this job and to establish the safest procedures that are to be followed in order to we plan to do this work using a safety monitoring system and expose only a minimum number of employees for the time necessary to actually accomplish has just been placed at the leading edge, they must first move away from the leading edge a minimum of six (6) ft and then progress to the other end Fall arrest is to be use if fall restraint is not practicable 4. the tee legs from going directly into the pockets, require special considerations. concerned contractors. It must be specific for each work site. In order to remove If a worker is protection measures, the foreman should be notified. Plan Supervised By The following Fall Protection Plan is a sample program prepared for the prevention of injuries associated with falls. restraint equipment be used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Fall Protection Systems to Be Used on This Project. fall protection plans developed for precast concrete construction and residential work that could be tailored to be site specific for other precast 2.1.2The fall prevention plan may consist in parts of existing documentation (e.g., risk assessment). Installation of Floor Joists and Sheathing During the installation of floor sheathing/joists (leading edge construction), the following steps shall be 2. Any changes to the Fall Protection Plan must be approved by elements that must be addressed in any fall protection plan. exposure time for the worker installing the safety net would be far longer than for the workers whom the net is intended to protect. having personnel working at height, exposed to Fall-Hazards and using Fall Protection equipment is responsible for establishing, implementing and managing a Fall Protection Protection. Custom Fall Protection Systems. for continual observational safety checks of their work operations and to enforce the safety policy and procedures. the precast concrete member. The hollow core slabs erected on the masonry portion of the building will be erected and grouted using the safety monitoring system. unstable until some sheathing is installed, so workers installing roof sheathing cannot be protected from fall hazards by conventional fall protection Falls from heights, even relatively low elevations, can result in serious injuries. In some areas, it is necessary During the construction of residential buildings under 48 feet in height, methods: Only individuals with the appropriate experience, skills, and training will be authorized as designated erectors. safety monitor. The control necessary to prevent hitting the performed on a bay to bay basis, just ahead of cladding erection to minimize temporarily unprotected floor edges. Whether conducting a hazard assessme… Written Safety Program WAC 296-59-027 4. crane lines and other obstacles during this two lining process while raising and lowering the crane block on that second line could be hazardous to an For columns too high for the use of a ladder, 36 ft and Resulting entanglements of lifelines and lanyards on a moving member could pull The time exposure because this will increase the free fall distance and the deceleration distance and will cause higher forces on the body in the event of an accidental The purpose of this plan is: (a) To supplement our standard safety policy by providing safety standards the truss and therefore cannot hold onto the ladder. To perform this installation requires an erector shall not be permitted within six feet of the leading edge under construction. Accompanying this pendulum swing is a lowering of the worker, with the attendant danger that he or she may violently impact Below are sample connector must walk along a 24 in. force (of a fall) transmitted to the points where the horizontal cable is attached to the structure. here) have the responsibility to work safely on the job. Fall protection. Installed safety nets pose an additional hazard at the perimeter of the erected structure where limited space is available in which fall. Providing attachment at a point above the walking/working surface would also create fall exposures for employees installing their Exterior scaffolds cannot be utilized on this job because the ground, after recent backfilling, cannot support the scaffolding. Thus, the unprotected floor/roof perimeter is constantly modified with the leading edge changing location as each Use the Fall Protection Work Plan template to document your plan. 3.5 to 4.5 ft/sec. increased free fall due to the dorsal D-ring of the full-body harness riding higher than the attachment point of the snaphook to the cable or insert unprotected edge; Materials for operations shall be conveniently staged to minimize fall hazards; and. The use of safety nets where structural wall panels are being erected would prevent movement of panels to point of installation. (e.g., 6 foot tall worker with a dorsal D-ring at 5 feet above the floor or surface, reduces the working length to only one foot, by placing the 6. Employers engaged in leading edge work, precast concrete construction work and residential construction work who can demonstrate that it (2) If such a line is to be installed so that an erector can walk along a beam, it must be overhead or below him. installed. up to and including termination, for failure to follow the guidelines of this program. the instructions of the crew supervisor. will have perimeter guarding or covering. Constant awareness of and respect for fall hazards, and compliance with all safety rules are considered conditions of employment. The perimeter of a floor and roof changes each time a new member is placed into position. Workers must be protected by guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems, even if they are not engaged in leading edge work, if they are on a walking or hollow core grouting) enters the retractable housing it can cause excessive wear and damage to the device and could clog the retracting mechanism as With retractable lines, overconfidence may cause the worker to engage in inappropriate behavior, such as approaching the perimeter of a When using the Plan to implement the fall protection options available, workers must be protected through limited access to high hazard Power lines and surrounding site work do not allow for the safe use of a vehicle mounted platform. non-loadbearing panels (cladding) will not commence until floor perimeter and floor openings have been protected. and be tied off to the lifting device in the beam after ensuring the load has been stabilized on its bearing. If a tied additional fall protection. HART Training Height & Rescue; IN FALL PROTECTION . 3. All employees that will Fall Protection Plan 1 1.0 PURPOSE AND SCOPE The purpose of the University Fall Protection Plan, herein referred to as the Plan is to ensure that University employees and students who perform activities at heights have the knowledge and tools to work safely. The ANSI A10.14-1991 American National Standard for Construction and Demolition Operations - Requirements for Safety Belts, Harnesses, A worker will climb onto the interior top plate via a ladder to secure the peaks of the first two trusses/rafters being set. (Name of Competent Person) is responsible temporary structural supports and these supports would have to be moved for each successive step in the construction process, thus greatly increasing Workers shall be notified and trained, if necessary, in the new procedures. 3. In the case of a very flexible anchorage, a shock load applied to the A vehicle mounted platform will not reach areas on the deck that are erected over other levels. On this particular worksite, guardrails, barricades, ropes, cables or other perimeter guarding devices or methods on the erection floor It’s not the part where a worker is saved from a deadly fall; there are many products now that protect workers at heights. roof units could be placed. The This means the guardrail is installed then subsequently removed to continue the masonry construction. only and are not necessarily a valid, acceptable rationale (unless the conditions at the job site are the same as those covered by these sample plans) The structure being erected is a multistory total precast concrete building consisting of columns, beams, wall panels and hollow core II. The In hollow core work, as in other precast concrete erection, others are not typically on the work deck until the precast concrete erection At this time, two erectors will walk out on the suspended tee deck at midspan of the tee member and designated erectors and they are permitted to enter the controlled access zones and work without the use of conventional fall protection. is the case, the employee is to notify the foreman of the concern and the concern addressed before proceeding. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR) - Table of Contents, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance, Safety and Health Regulations for Construction, Sample Fall Protection Plan - Non-Mandatory Guidelines for Complying with 1926.502(k). damage. A ladder will be used to make the initial connections and a ladder will be (c) The use of a cable strung horizontally between two columns to provide tie off lines for erecting or walking a beam for connecting work Employees engaged in these activities but who are more than six (6) ft concrete which must be patched and filled with matching material after the net supporting hardware is removed. This slack may cause slowly lowered into its final erected position. On this The Department of Labor also cannot authorize the use of copyrighted materials contained in linked Web sites. areas when this would not create a greater hazard; Only qualified workers shall install roof sheathing; The bottom row of roof sheathing may be installed by workers standing in truss webs; After the bottom row of roof sheathing is installed, a slide guard extending the width of the roof shall be securely attached to the roof. systems until it is determined that the roofing system can be used as an anchorage point. There is no permanent boundary until all structural members have been placed in the floor or roof. As the erection will be placed in the space between the end of the slab and face shell of the concrete masonry by dumping from a wheelbarrow. A Fall Protection The fall protection for workers at the leading edge shall be assured by properly constructed and maintained control zone lines Lists key elements that should be included in a written fall protection plan. vehicle mounted platform. There is no permanent boundary until all structural members have been placed in the floor or roof. working procedures will be utilized when working on the top plate and will be monitored by the crew supervisor. A Fall Protection repeats itself each time the nets and supporting hardware must be moved laterally or upward to provide protection at the point of erection or leading Provide and use Personal Fall Protection Equipment. wide beam, the presence of a line next to the connector at waist level, attached directly to the columns, would where a designated erector cannot use a personal fall arrest system. It is also the responsibility of the employee to bring to management's attention any unsafe or designated erectors can move freely and unencumbered when receiving the panels. previously secured floor joists or trusses; Except for the first row of sheathing which will be installed from ladders or the ground, workers shall work from the established deck; It is normal practice to keep others off the Such (name of qualified person). The deck is not complete until the leveling, aligning, and grouting of the joints is done. additional numbers of employees must be suspended by swing stages, boatswain chairs or other devices, thereby increasing the amount of fall exposure possible that some design restrictions will not allow a member to be weakened by an additional hole; however, it is anticipated that such situations When necessary to move away from a retractable device, the worker cannot move at a rate greater than the device locking speed typically This sample plan can be modified to be used for other work involving leading edge work. V. Other Fall Protection Measures Considered for This Job. There is one area of the fall-arrest procedure that is lacking in many companies. COMPETENT PERSON . B. Constant awareness of and respect for fall hazards, and compliance with all safety rules are considered conditions of employment. Those workers within 6 ft of the For example, if a material off of this surface. [59 FR 40746, Aug. 9, 1994; 60 FR 5131, Jan. 26, 1995], Occupational Safety and Health Administration The workers were trained on the set up, use and inspection of the system, as well as the use of the full body harnesses and lanyards. pull the load block to the end of the tee to be elevated and attach the additional choker to the load block. Each employee must understand their value to the company; the costs of accidents, both Contact Us Affordable Safety Training LLC. trained to recognize the fall hazards. In order to create a successful fall protection plan, start by identifying any existing and potential fall hazards in your work area. more personal approach to compliance through planning, training, understanding and cooperative effort, rather than by strict enforcement. For a cable sag angle of 2 degrees the horizontal force on the points of cable lanyards, more fall potential would result than from not using such a device. The double tee will be "two-lined" in order to elevate one end higher than the other to allow for the low end to be Written procedures and other fall protection controls must be used providing they have 1. FALL PROTECTION PROGRAM . Employees erecting inverted tee beams, at a height of 6 to 40 ft, will erect the beam, make initial connections, and final alignment from support systems. It is the responsibility of the employer to ensure that all employees understand and adhere to the procedures of this plan and to follow The Department of Labor does not endorse, takes no responsibility for, and exercises no control over the linked organization or its views, or contents, nor does it vouch for the accuracy or accessibility of the information contained on the destination server. It is the responsibility of the employee to understand and adhere to the procedures of this plan The crew higher, an added cable will be used to reduce the height of the disconnecting point so that a ladder can be used. The basic step of developing a fall protection plan to make a list of the activity and categorize all existing and potential fall hazards at the workplace. In structures that have walls higher than eight feet and where the use of scaffolds and ladders would create a greater hazard, safe In addition, impact loads may exceed maximum fall arrest forces (MAF) because the fall arrest D-ring The toeboard should … and to follow the instructions of the foreman. The designated erectors will be identified by one of the following activity, such as welding, bolting, cutting, bracing, guying, patching, painting or other operations, and who are working less than six (6) ft from an Assess all fall hazards in the work area. between the slabs will be dumped from a wheelbarrow and then spread with long handled tools, allowing the worker to stand erect facing toward the Aerial work platforms . If during the course of erecting the building the employee sees an area that could be erected more safely by the use of these fall Employees tied to a lifeline can be trapped and crushed by moving structural members if the employee becomes restrained by the lanyard S-Series Tie-Back Anchor Points California Tie-Back Anchor Points Rigging Sleeves Davit Systems. areas or tasks may include, but are not limited to: In these cases, conventional fall protection systems may not be the safest choice for builders. It is an integral part of The nature of such work normally exposes the employee to the fall hazard for a short period of time and The leading edge of the building is constantly changing and the scaffolding would have to be moved at very frequent intervals. Whenever possible, the designated erectors will approach the incoming member at the leading edge only after it is below waist height so In addition, if contamination such as grout (during level which would most likely extend a fall farther than 6 ft. (3) When lines are strung over every beam, it becomes more and more difficult for the crane operator to lower a precast concrete member by the crane hoisting the product to be erected. is complete. The following is a list and explanation of other fall protection measures available and an explanation of limitations for use on this When it comes to using fall protection equipment for on mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs), many still do not fully understand, or comprehend, the requirements in the ANSI A92 and CSA B354 standards, as well as the OSHA and OHS requirements, for fall protection on MEWPs in the United States and Canada.. All workers will ensure that they have secure footing before they attempt to walk on the sheathing, including cleaning shoes/boots of mud A copy of this plan and all approved changes Following points need to be addressed while preparing a Fall Protection Plan: – Investigate fall hazards areas in the workplace. engineering and safety factors and should only be considered after fixed anchorage has been determined to be not feasible. Use of a tower crane for the erection of the high rise portion of the structure poses a particular hazard in that the crane operator The main purpose of a protection plan is to provide a safe working environment for employees through analyzing a site’s fall hazards and describing fall protection methods and equipment used to help prevent the possible dangers that could occur. Fall Protection Plans. Precast concrete column erection through the existing deck requires that many holes be provided through this deck. This general fall protection plan for construction is provided by Occupational Safety and Health Consultation of the Texas Department of Insurance. Loadbearing Wall Panels: The erection of the loadbearing wall panels on the elevated decks requires the use of a safety monitor and a FALL PROTECTION PROGRAM FALL PROTECTION PLAN IMPORTANT: This document is intended to provide guidance only for developing site-specific working at heights fall protection plans. person: All access to the CAZ must be restricted to authorized entrants; All workers who are permitted in the CAZ shall be listed in the appropriate sections of the Plan (or be visibly identifiable by the The wall to wall connections will also be performed from a This allows for a In addition, ladders cannot be adequately protected from movement while trusses are being Safety policy and procedure on any one project cannot be administered, implemented, monitored and enforced by any one individual. A fall protection plan is defined as a safety plan for workers working in elevation. Final positioning of a precast concrete member requires it to be moved in such a way that it must pass through the area that would be Installation of roof trusses/rafters, exterior wall erection, roof sheathing, floor sheathing and joist/truss activities will be conducted The tee is then 800-321-6742 (OSHA) (Your company name here) shall take the following steps to protect workers who are exposed to fall hazards while working from the top Perimeter guarding or covers will not be removed without the approval of the erection foreman. A slide guard can be spandrel can only be done safely from the top of the double tee being erected. If for any Grout Download Plan. IMPORTANT: This document is intended to provide guidance only for developing . the employee's exposure to the fall hazard. by employees who are specifically trained to do this type of work and are trained to recognize the fall hazards. Due to this made in the precasters' yard and shipped with the member to the jobsite. lead to a greater hazard. floor or roof at a distance appreciably greater than the shortest distance between the anchorage point and the leading edge. 1. concrete or residential jobsite. deck until at least the next day after the installation is complete to allow the grout to harden. Each employee will be trained in these procedures and will strictly adhere to them except when doing so would expose the employee to a under shock loading (such as a horizontal cable or very flexible beam). Employees exposed to falls of six (6) feet or more to lower levels, who are not actively engaged in leading edge work or connecting in a recognized manner, either through signs, wires, tapes, ropes or chains. Fall Protection Systems To Be Used on This Job. For tying off, a vertical lifeline will be connected to the lifting eye at the used to assist workers in retaining their footing during successive sheathing operations; and. It is necessary that the employee be able to move freely without encumbrance in order to guide the sections of precast concrete into The proper use of fall protection equipment — in addition to planning, supervision, and training — can reduce or eliminate the risk of falling. reason an unsafe act persists, strict enforcement will be implemented. It is the responsibility of (name of competent person) to implement this Fall Protection Plan. The opening being lifeline may arrest a worker's fall before he or she has fallen a few feet, the lifeline may drag along the edge of the floor or beam and swing the and protected. correct any unsafe acts or conditions immediately. Type of fall protection system to be used and procedures for setup, inspection, ongoing monitoring and removal the use of tag lines and their final alignment made by a person on a manlift or similar employee positioning systems. first piece of roof sheathing; The competent person may order work on the roof to be suspended for brief periods as necessary to allow other workers to pass through such block/retractable lifeline must be positioned above the D-ring (above the work space of the intended user) and OSHA recommends that fall arrest and 4. are being erected and positioned. site-specific fall hazards (e.g., maximum height (s), roof slope if applicable, proximity to power lines, … The purpose of the plan is to supplement our existing safety and health program and to ensure 800-321-6742 (OSHA) cable retraction acceleration and cause a worker to lose their balance by applying a higher than normal jerking force on the body when the cable these procedures and strictly adhere to them except when doing so would expose the employee to a greater hazard. position and secure the concrete member. opening or exterior walls in any area where they could be struck by falling objects; Workers shall have no other duties than securing/bracing the trusses/ridge beam; Workers positioned at the peaks or in the webs of trusses or on top of the ridge beam shall work from a stable position, either by sitting a ladder. Façade Maintenance Systems. Though the retractable These are to be covered Plan must be developed and evaluated on a site by site basis. Control zone systems shall comply with the following reoccurrence. Installing the line above the connector might be possible on Such guardrails should be This Plan details how (Your company name here) will minimize these A sudden shift of the precast concrete member being positioned because of wind In some cases, columns will be unhooked from the crane by using an erection tube or shackle TTY of the spandrel beam made from a ladder at the open end of the structure. pressure or crane movement could make it strike the temporary supporting structure, moving it suddenly and causing tied off employees to The other end of the beam will be placed by the designated erector from the double tee deck under the observation of the The double tee will be hoisted with the main load line and point for tying off on double tees would be using the lifting loops, except that they must be cut off to eliminate a tripping hazard at an appropriate Manufacturers also require that workers not work at a level where the point of snaphook attachment to the body harness is above the device between those two points. All predetermined holes will have the plywood covers The nature of such work normally member is installed. If, in the employee's opinion, this is the case, the employee is to notify the competent person of their concern and have the concern a procedure allows workers to swing a new member across the erected surface as necessary to position it properly without worrying about knocking operating at the temporary edge of the structure as they work to position the next member in the sequence. ladder. be unhooked from double tee members by designated erectors under the direction and supervision of the safety monitor. to have more fall exposure time attaching the cable to the columns than would be spent to make the beam to column connection itself. locations. This plan is designed to enable employers members can be turned after being lifted from the ground by the crane.
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